Prefix ma- in Bugis | Prefiks Ma, Awalan Bahasa Bugis

Prefix ma- in Bugis Language have two type. First type is prefix ma- which affected by phonological condition and the second type is not affected by phonological condition. Prefix ma- is putted before a word.

Formula:
ma- + word
1. Type 1: Prefix "ma-" affected by phonological condition

It means that when we put the prefix ma- before a word, it's not change the form of word

For Examples:
ma- + cella ==> macella 'adj. redness'
ma- + tanre ==> matanre 'ad. higher'
ma- + lasa ==> malasa 'adj. sick'
ma- + pance ==> mapance ''adj. short"
ma- + lampe ==> malampe "adj. long"

2. Type 2: Prefix "ma-" not affected by phonological condition

It means that when we put the prefix ma- before a word, it will change the form of word

a. Prefix ma- become mak-

For Examples:
ma- + ita ==> makkita (verb. Eng. seing. Ind. melihat)
ma- + empe ==> mekkempe (verb. Eng. climb. Ind. memanjat)
ma- + unru ==> makkunru (verb. Eng. hit. Ind. memukul)

b. Prefix ma- become mar-

For Examples:
ma- + uki ==> maruki (verb. Eng. write. Ind. menulis)
ma- + empe ==> merempe (verb. Eng. climb. Ind. memanjat)
ma- + indo ==> marindo (verb. Eng. with mother. Ind. bersama ibu)

c. Prefix ma- become ma- + first letter of the word followed, thickening of pronunciation (geminasi)

For Examples:
ma- + cenne ==> maccenne (verb. Eng. spin. Ind. berputar)
ma- + baju ==> mabbaju (verb. Eng. wear (putting of clothes). Ind. memakai baju)
ma- + carita ==> maccarita (verb. Eng. tell stories. Ind. bercerita)
 

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